چهارشنبه، خرداد ۰۸، ۱۳۸۷

Tuning of santur - کوکهای مختلف سنتور

Probably one of the most frequently asked questions about santur is how to tune it. In this posting, I am going to describe 14 different tuning guides for 7 Iranian musical systems (2 for each). This guide is for a normal standard 9/9 santur.


Shur Sol (G)
Probably the most common tuning system for santur. You can also play Shur's 5 sub-systems using this tuning model: Dashti, Abu Ata, Bayat Tork, Afshari and Bayat Kord.


* Semi-flat: between neutral state and flat. Koron (near to one-quarter-tone flatter)

* Forth bridge of white register: You need to move the bridge towards the right (a few millimeters) to create semi-flat at right and flat at left.

* There are several variants for Shur Sol. Two of them are demonstrated here:



* Please note that over the 7th bridge wouldn't be used in this model, as we move the bridge towards the left to create D semi-flat (normally it is D).



* Please note that you can move the first yellow bridge towards right and tune it in a way that you have a bass C, which might be very useful in some pieces.


Homayoun Sol (G) - Isfahan Do (C)
Homayoun G is centralized around A semi flat however the end note is always G. Isfahan as a subsystem of Homayoun can be played using the same tuning arrangement.


* 9th bridge yellow F can be tuned F or F sharp depending on the piece.

* Sometimes you can tune the 1st bridge yellow E to E semi flat. In very old times, they didn't use E for Homayoun. E semi flat was the right interval.


Navaa Sol (G)
In most santur books, Navaa Do (C) is used in rastkuk systems; however, according to Master Payvar, Navaa Sol (G) is rastkuk and is more suitable for male vocalists.



Chahargah Sol (G)
The same confusion has happened for Chahargah. The right-tuned chahargah is actually in G and the left-tuned (Chapkuk) Chahargah is in Do (C), which you will see further down.



Mahour and Rast-Panjgah Fa (F)
In santur, the right-tuned Mahour is not played from G. It's one tone lower and from F. If you would like to accompany an instrument playing Mahour on G, you can use an A-tuned santur, in which every note sounds one tone higher.



* You can move the 7th white bridge to the left and creat D semi-flat for Delkash and Raak.


Segah La Koron (A semi-flat)


‏۵ نظر:

stallion500 گفت...

Great post, looking forward to the rest of the tunings

Limitless گفت...

me too!

Jeannie گفت...

THANK YOU!!!

patrick duka گفت...
این نظر توسط نویسنده حذف شده است.
Daniel گفت...

Wow! Great help and info!
Thanks...!